Aurangzeb was an autocrat ruler. They are of the opinion that it is not correct to accuse Aurangzeb of sanctimonious hypocrisy and of feign­ing religious sentiments which he did not feel in his heart. 316: Society Structure and Growth . MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. It outlined a system of tolerance that allowed all in his empire to practice any religion that they so choose and that they will … How did the Mughal Empire embrace different cultures in India? Explaining this point, V.A. Terms. Aryan tribes invaded India some time around 1500 B.C.E. He imposed Jizya on all Hindus in the country. The weakness of the empire was exposed when Nadir Shah imprisoned the Mughal Emperor and looted Delhi in 1739. He ruled for 50 years and during this period he fought many wars. Please also list any non-financial associations or interests (personal, professional, political, institutional, religious or other) that a reasonable reader would want to know about in relation to the submitted work. INDIA has in the Taj Mahal one of the wonders of the world, with the mausoleum's inspiration taken from years of India's rich cultural and artistic ancient history. The religious persecution in Aurangzeb's policies and the resulting Maratha war destroyed the Mughal empire. His religious policy was responsible for turning the Rajputs, the Marathas and Sikhs into the enemies of Mughal empire. What religion was the ruling class in Mughal Empire? After Aurangzeb's death, the Marathas became a major factor in the downfall of the Mughal empire. Comparing the Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid Empires (Political Structure and Religion) Political Structure Mughal Empire Through warfare and diplomacy, Akbar was able to extend the empire in all directions and controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari 4. By 1526, his forces took Delhi and controlled most of northern India. The weakness of the empire was exposed when Nadir Shah imprisoned the Mughal Emperor and looted Delhi in 1739; The weak successors and demoralization of the Mughal army also paved the way for it. European wars erupted between Catholics and Protestants. 2. As compares with Akbar, he was unable to maintain the Mughal Relations with the Rajput. Akbar was born and brought up in comparatively liberal surrounding. Akbar’s forward thinking and religious appreciation was exhibited in his Suhl-i kul policy, which can roughly be translated to ‘peace for all’ policy (Asher 2010). Ad and Cookie Policy. Aurangzeb's religious beliefs cannot be considered as the basis of his political policies. Let’s look into the reasons one by one. Question 1. Aurangazeb was an orthodox Sunni Muslim . The religious persecution in Aurangzeb's policies and the resulting Maratha war destroyed the Mughal empire. Why do you think religious groups were treated this way? Aurangzeb (1658-1707) After winning the battle with his father and three brothers, Aurangzeb ascended the throne in 1659. XVI. 358: Artisans and MasterCraftsmen . Unsuccessful in reviving Timurid glories in Central Asia, he turned to India, where he established Mughal power in 1526. At the height of its power at the end of the 17th century, the Mughal Empire spanned almost the entire subcontinent and parts of present-day Afghanistan. ... How did the extent of the Mughal Empire change from the reign of Babur to the reign of Aurangzeb? Akbar the Great is “regarded as one of the great rulers of all time, regardless of country.” Why is he held in such high esteem? To some extent, the religious and Deccan policies of Aurangazeb contributed to its decline. Akbar’s most notable tutor, Abdul Latif, taught him the principle of universal peace which […] Did the Ottoman Empire allow religious freedom? The Aryan invaders conquered India and created what is referred to as Classical Indian culture; putting and end to the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire. The last Mughal Emperor’s policy of intolerance towards the religious plurality is what led to the fragmentation of this cohesive system, which continues to deteriorate to this day. Mughal Administration *The Central Government* == *Provincial Administration* == *Finances* == *Military Organization* == *The Judiciary* [[209]] BEFORE following the fate of the Mughal empire under Aurangzeb's successors in the eighteenth century, it will be useful to outline the main features of administration under the four great emperors. Sometimes this led him to adopt contradictory policies which damaged the empire. The great Muslim empire on the Indian subcontinent was founded by Babur (1483/ 84-1530), who was descended on his father’s side from Timur and on his mother’s from Chinggis Khan. The Rajputs and Brahmins were also forced to pay Jizya. Like in the Mughal empire, there were religious tensions between people … Th Religious Policy of Akbar was liberal. Aurangzeb's Policies and the Decline of the Mughal Empire. There are numerous reasons for the fall of the Mughal Empire. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Question 2. The causes for the downfall of the Mughal Empire were varied. 267: Climax and Crisis of the Mughal Empire . In particular, the rule of Akbar the Great. So mostly whether folks like it or not, most Hindus cruised along with the mughal empire. Babur died in 1530 CE. As a ruler, Humayun lost the Mughal Empire in India (1540 CE) but after some years he manages to regain it (1555CE). The Mughal ruling class was Muslim, although many of the subjects of the empire were Hindu and also Sikh.When Babur first founded the empire, he did not emphasize his religion, but rather his Mongol heritage. 387: Religion Fine Arts Science and Technology . Short essay on religious policies under Aurangzeb in the Mughal Empire. Bairam Khan is responsible for molding his conduct and shaping his early policy. Religious Policy [[198]] While Aurangzeb was extending the empire in the east and south, and consolidating his position on the northwest marches, he was also concerned with the strengthening of Islam throughout the kingdom. MUGHAL EMPIRE. Bairam Khan, who subsequently became Akbar’s guardian and protector, was a Shia Muslim. Identify at least two policies towards non-Muslims under the rule of Babur. Causes for the Downfall of the Mughals. What effect did Akbar's religious policy have on the Mughal Empire? Why the Mughal Empire Fall? The Mughal court became the scene of factions among the nobles. Akbar: The Indian leader Akbar ruled for fifty years. Akbar, a great Mughal Emperor was known for his (a) tolerant religious policy (b) good administration (c) economic reforms and works (d) all of these Answer: all of these. [12] Kashmir was annexed to the Mughal empire by Qasim Khan in 1586. (vi) Aurangzeb's religious policy was largely respon sible, causing revolts by Rajputs, Sikhs, Jats and Marathas (vii) Aurangzeb's Deccan policy was a complete failUl'l and to a major extent caused the downfall of the Mughal empire. A century before John Locke’s “A Letter Concerning Toleration,” Akbar developed a policy of “Universal Peace” repudiating religious compulsion and embracing ecumenical debate. [12] His tolerance really added to making his Mughal Empire an overall time of peace and prosperity (Duiker and Spielvogel, 436). 3. A Closer look: Akbar s Policies. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire with Answers Pdf free download. New religions reach India. He builds impressive gardens and monuments and, under his patronage, Mughal painting reaches a high level of elegance and richness during his reign. The staunch religious policy of Aurangzeb was one of the Maine reasons for the fall of the Mughals. In the 1500s and 1600s AD, many Europeans and West Asians tried to force other people to believe in their religion and their God.In the Americas, the Spanish forced millions of Aztec, Maya, and Quechua people to become Christians.. Colonization timeline All our India articles. Aurangzeb's religious orthodoxy and his policy towards the Hindu rulers seriously damaged the stability of the Mughal Empire. Akbar’s son Jahāngīr continues his father’s administrative system and policy of religious tolerance toward Hinduism. Akbar followed the policy of matrimonial alliance. Episode 14 leaves the West and heads to 16th and 17th Century India and the Mughal empire. Aurangzeb reversed Akbar’s policy of religious tolerance. It had also resulted in the rebellions of the Jats of Mathura and the Satnamis of Mewar. 428: Northern India … Aurangzeb’s religious ideas and beliefs on the one hand, and his political or public policies on the other, however, clashed on many occasions and he faced difficult choices. Then, Humayun succeeds his father Babur (1530-1556 CE) who follows the footsteps of his father in relation to adopting a policy of religious toleration. The heartland of the empire lay in the north Indian Indus – Ganges plain around the cities of Delhi, Agra and Lahore. The Religious Policies of the Mughal Empire (1556–1707); Part 1/2. (viii) Invasions of Irani and Durrani kingdoms gave I death-blow to the Mughal empire. Rajput Policy of Aurangzeb. He, therefore, appointed Raj into Mughal service and promotes religious tolerance. 367: Standard of Living . The Mughal state in the days of Akbar, Jahangir, and Shahjahan was basically a secular state. There's a new Crash Course poster with all your favorite World History characters! Under Akbar, the court abolished the jizya, the tax on non-Muslims, and abandoned use of the lunar Muslim calendar in favor of a solar calendar more useful for agriculture. Therefore, Aurangazeb was held responsible for the decline of the Mughal empire. Name Historical context: In the early 1500s, India was invaded by the central Asian nomadic army led by Babur, a Muslim descendant of Genghis Khan. He expanded the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire was a state that existed on the Indian subcontinent from 1526 to 1858. Personality and Character of Aurangazeb Aurangzeb Religious Policies North India and . Mughal empire was supposed to be Hindiston's answer to Pushtoon aggression on the land. If yes, what is an example of religious freedom in the Ottoman Empire? The empire reached its […] The two religious groups that the Mughal empire had to keep peacebetween were the Hindus and Muslims. 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